ٻ߬ ӡὫ ᡿ ѡ 濡 11 2011 ѽ Ѯ ӿ ߬߬ Ѵ ߿ ӿ
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ừ ѫѡ ѻ߬ ӫ ᡬԿ, ѽ 濡 ߿ ᡫᵿ , ԡ߿ѽ ի ѫѡ ӫ ߬ 潫߬ Ӭ 󬽯 ӫԫѴ 쿬 ӫ ѡ ߻񡿬 Ӭ ߬.

: տѮ߬ Ѯٮ 2000 ѽ: " ߽߫ӡ Ѽ ѡ 󬽯ѡ ߫ Ҫ ӫ߽ѡ ѡ ߻񡿬 ɫ߿߬ ߫ ߽ѡ Ѯ ӿ ѡ 濡, ߡ᡿ ӿѽ ߽᡿, ӫѡ 濡 ߿Ѯ ᡫᵿ " (ҡ 14 Ѵ ӡ ӫ߽ѡ ѡ ߻񡿬 ɫ߿߬).

ӫԫѮ 쿬 Ѽѡ ӫ ӫߴ 10 ԴӴ 1870 ѽ Ѯ߬ 潫߬ Ѻ ߬ ӡ Ѽ ѡ 濼ѫ ӫ.

ū߽ ᡿ 1894 ߬ ի󡫮 Ѽӿ ٽ ạѡ ѽѼ Ӭ-ӿի߬ү ެ ѽ ׼ ѽ߬ Ѻ.

ū߽ ѡ 1895 쿬 ӫ ٽ Ҭѡ ᬫ, Ѽ ѡ. ߴ ߽Ҫѡ ạ ѽ ߬ ӡ, ѡ 쿬 Կ ᡿ߴ ӫѡѼ ӫ: ߴ ᬫѽѼ ߽Ҫѡ; ߫ Ӭ-ӿի߬ү ԫ 髺ѡ߬ Ӭ ѽ , ԫ ԫ ߫ ѡ ߬ ԫӿ ; ӫ ӫ ѡ ԫ Ѽ; ԡ ߴ "߬ ѻտ 񫼫Դ"; 󽴽 Ӭ-ӿի߬ ެ.

ѽ 󫮡 ѡ 쿬 ߬ ӫ, ޿ ӫ, ߽Ҫ , ӿ ӫ, ԫ ӿ , ڿ ޿, ѡټ, ߬ѡټ 󫿡. 1914-1915 ѵ 쿬 ӡ ߫ Ѭԫټ ӫ߿߬ իټ ᡿, Ѫ ѪѼߴټ ᡿Ѽ "-ӫ񡿬". Կ ٽ ỿᡫ ᡫ 120 ӫѮ, Ѯ ߽, ԫ ѽү ߫ 󡿼᡿ ӫ Ѯ.

1918 ѡ 쿬 ٽ Ѽѡ ѽѡ 髺ѡ߬ ѽ . 1918 ӫ ѽ Ὣ ٽ ѽ իѡ, ԫ - ѡ 쿬 ӫ. ū ߽, ٽ ѡ Ӵ ի ߡӼѮ - ١ ѡ ѻ޿.

񫼫 髺ѡ߬ Ӭ ѽ 1921 ѽ ԫ, ԫ ѡ 쿬 ӫ Կ Ҭ 󫿼 ӿի, ٽ ѽѼ Ӭ-ӿի߬ ߫. Ҭ ỿᡫ, ԫ 1921 ߫ Կߴ ѽ-ѡ ӫѡ ӿի ѡ Ѯ ᬫ Ӭ󡫼 ѡ ᡿ .

1923 ѵ 쿬 ӫ ٽ 񫽪 ѽ߬ . 1924 һ ѡ߬ տ Ѻ Ԭ ӿԿ ѡ߬ ѡ. Կ ٽ ѡ ӫԫѴ.

1929 ӫԫѮ 쿬 ạѡ ԫѽѼ ѡ߬ ߫ ѽ Ĭ. 轿ӿ ԫ ӫԫѮ ǽѬ Ѽᡫ ߫ ѻտٮ ߫: ", ӿ, ԡԿ, . . ӫ, ὿ 󫺼Կ. ߫ѡԿ . 쿬 ի ѽ , ᬫ ߬ ڿ, ߴ ߴ ѻү Ѫ ԫ". ӿ ԫ ѵ 쿬 һ, ԫ ߻, Կѽ ѫ, իү Һ٬.

ū߽ Կ ԫ ѽ Ĭ ӫԫѮ 쿬 ѡ ӡҽߴ ѽ , ߴ ݬ߻ӫӿᵿ , 󬽯 .

߬ ӫԫѮ 쿬 ӫ ٽ ӿѡ ߽Ҫ ѽ , ѡ Կ ٽ ԫ ѡ ᬫ. ū, ԫ , ӫԡ, , ӫԫѮ 쿬, Ѽ ѡ, ӿ ߽Ҫ ѽ .

Դ 1932 ӫԫѮ 쿬 ӫ ٽ ԫ. ūԿ ѽ 񡫼 ԫ ỿ ޫ: " ӿԿ . 1931 . 28 ԴӴ".

ᬽѡ ӫԫѮ 쿬 տѻ߬ ѡ (ӡ): " 󿽿 "ᵿ ӿի". ߻ ߬ , Ԭٽ ڿ ߫ ߽Ҫѡ. ū, ừԫ߬ Կ ԫ 꼴 ӿԫ". ӫԫѮ 쿬 ٽ Ҫѡ ӿ ٽ ӡٮ . Դѽ ټ, ٽ ѡ ᬽѡ 󴺿 ѻѡ ԯѼ ߫ԫ 3 1933 . ԫ ѡ ԫѽ ߻.

:

  1. 鬽 ӫԫѴ 쿬 ӫ ѡٮ ߻߫ ѡ ߻񡿬 Ӭ ߬.
  2. ἴ ѡ߻񡿬 쿬 ӫ ߫ 20 / 3 ѡ .
  3. ԡ ᡬ ѡ߻񡿬 쿬 ӫ, ߽ ѡ, ټ Ἷ ԫ񫽪 ᡿.
  4. ſ ӫ߽ѡ ԫ ѡ, ߫ߡ ѽѡ VII ѽѡ߬ .
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ừ ѫѡ ѻ߬ ӫ ᡬԿ, ѽ 濡 ߿ ᡫᵿ , 󬽯ѡ ѡ ߻񡿬 Ӭ ߬ ѡ ߬ , Ѽ ߬ Ѫ Ӭ.

: տѮ߬ Ѯٮ 2000 ѽ: " ߽߫ӡ Ѽ ѡ 󬽯ѡ ߫ Ҫ ӫ߽ѡ ѡ ߻񡿬 ɫ߿߬ ߫ ߽ѡ Ѯ ӿ ѡ 濡, ߡ᡿ ӿѽ ߽᡿, ӫѡ 濡 ߿Ѯ ᡫᵿ " (Ѵ ߫ӡ ӫ߽ѡ ѡ ߻񡿬 ɫ߿߬, ҡ 14).

ѡٮ տѮ߬ 2008 ѡ 濡 ѪѼ ߼ѡ "ӿ ѡ ӫ, ᡡ ӫ߽ѡѼ ߬ ߽󡫮 Ӭ ᡿Ѯ, ᡫӫᡡ ӿ ѽѡ" (Ļѽѡ 񫬽 ѽ 濡 ߿ ᡫᵿ ).

տѮ߬ 2016 ٽ ӿԫ ѡ ѵӬ󡫼 ӫ߽ѡ Ӵ , ᡫᡡ ߬ Ѫ Ӭ.

Ѭ޿ ӿ ѫ᡿ Ӵ 󿪡 Կ ݻտ ѡ ߬ү ߽ү Ӭ Ѭ, 濡 ߿ ᡫᵿ ߫߿ Ѫѡ ߽ѡ Ѯ ӿ ߬߬ Ѵ ߿ ӿ Ѯ һ ѡ ӫ߫ իѡ ߴ߽ ߬ ߽󡫮 Ӭ ߬ Ѫ Ӭ ӿ ѡ ѡ 濡 񽫪ѡ 󬽯ѡ ѡ ߻񡿬 Ӭ ߬ ѡ ߬ , Ѽ ߬ Ѫ Ӭ: ѡѡ ߿ (忪ѡ), ѻ߬ ӻի߬ (+1931); (Ҫ), ѻ߬ ߬ (+1937); 諡Կ ᡫ (+1919), 쿬 Ĭ (+1934), 쿬 ӫӫ (+1930), ƿիӫ (+1930), ӫ; ѽ ߬ ӫ񿵬 ١ ѻѡ ӫի ǡԫ (Ӭ), ӽ (ūտ), (ӫԫ), ߿ (ӿ), () ߽ޡ һ١ (+1930).

ѡѡ 諡Կ ᡫ 쿬 Ĭ, , ᬪ ӫ߽ѡ ԡԿ ѽ߬ ݬ.

ѻѡ ߬ ӫ߽ѡ ԡԿ ߬ ѻտ.

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  1. 鬽 ѡ ߻񡿬 Ӭ ߬ ѡ ߽үڿ , Ѽ ߬ Ѫ Ӭ:
  2. ԡ ᡬ ѡ, ߽ ѡ, ټ Ἷ ԫ񫽪 ᡿.
  3. ſ ӫ߽ѡټ ټ ѡ, ߫ߡ ѽѡ VII ѽѡ߬ .
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ừ ѫѡ ӫ ӫ߬ ѽ߬ 諡Կ, ѽ 濡 ߽Ҫ ߿, ߼ѡ 濡 ߽Ҫ ߿Ѯ Ӵ ӫѮ ᬫ.

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ߴ ѻѼӿ 10- ѡ
ѡѡ ߿ ߿, ᡫ߬

ӫ, 4:
ӯ ٮ ӫԬ,/ Ӭ ӿԫ ӡٮ ߽Ҫѽ,/ 潫 忺 ,/ ѡ ߴ ߿,/ ߼ ӿ ӻٮ,/ ѡ Խѡ ߻ߴ ߿,/ ѡѡ ߿,/ ӿ / ߻Կߴ ޿.

諡, 3:
Դ ,/ ߻ӿ ߿,/ ߬ Ѻ Կ Ѽ ӻѽ ߿,/ ѡ ./ ߼ԡү һ߽ ߿,/ ߽ Կ ./ Ѻ ѽѮ ٮ,/ ߼Կ Ѽѡٴ ޿ߴ ߿./ ѡѡ ߿,/ Ӻѡ Ѵ,/ ߻Կߴ ޿.

ߴ Ѽӿ 27- ѡ
ѡѡ ᡡ 漿ӡ,

ӫ, 5:
ټ ߴ,/ Ҭѡ Ѽ ߴ ߿, ᡡ,/ ӿ Ե 濡߬ ߴ,/ Ҽ Կ ӿԫ ӿ ߿,/ Ѯ ԫ Կ ,/ ӫ ѡ߬ Կ Խѽ ߿./ Ѽ ԫ,/ ߻Կߴ ޿.

諡, 2:
ѡ ѻ/ Դ Ѽ ߬߬,/ ѡѡ ᡡ,/ , ߬ ߴ,/ Ѻ ߻ѡ ߿/ , ӿ ѡ߬ ѡѼ Ҭ߿ߴ,/ ѽ ߬ ӿߴ ߿./ Ѽ Դ ѽѼ

ߴ ѬӴ 2- ѡ
ѡѡ , ǡ߬߬

ӫ, 2:
ѡѼ ӫԫԿ Ҭ߿ߴ,/ ٮ ߴ ߿,/ ѡѡ ,/ , Ҫѡ Կ ߴ,/ Ѻ ߿ ӫ./ , ѡ߬ ѡѵ Դ,/ ѽ Ӻѡ ޿ ߻,/ ƫ ߻Կߴ ޿.

諡, 3:
߼ѡٮ ӿԫ ߽Ҫѽ,/ ѡ ӵ ӻѽ ߿,/ ١ ѡ Ӭ ߬/ ӿ ѽ ԫ޿,/ ./ , Ѽ Ѽ 󫺽 ߿,/ ߽Ѯ Կߴ/ ߻Կߴ ޿.

ߴ 1- ѡ
ѻѡ ӿ (᮵)

ӫ, 4:
, , ӫԬ ӿ,/ ᬫѡ ѻӫ ӿѡ ԫ,/ ӿ޿ߴ ,/ ߫ߴ ѻ ԽѮѼ / ѡ ԡ ./ ƫ Ἷ, ӿ ,/ Կ, ߻߿ ޿ .

諡, 8:
ӫѽ ߬ Դ޿,/ ԿѼ Ҭ߿ ߿,/ Ҭ ߼Կ ޿ߴ,/ ѽ ߿./ Ѽ, ӫ Ѻ Ἷ޿,/ ߽񡿵 ӿԫ ߴ ߿./ Ѽ Կ:/ Үߴ, ӿ ѻѡ, իѮ ᡿ Ҭѻ.

ߴ ᡡӿ 26- ѡ
ѡ ᡡ ū

ӫ, 2:
Կ ᡿,/ ߫ӫ ߻ӿ ߿,/ ߡ Ե ۴ߡ,/ ѻӫ Կ ߿/ ӫ ѯ Ӭ ߬ү Ҭ߿ ߿./ Ѽ, ᡡ ѡ ߽,/ ӿ ڿ ἴ ,/ ߻ ޿ .

諡, 6:
ӿ Ѽ Ѽ 󫺽,/ ߿/ ߽, ԿѼ, ӻѡѼ,/ ӫ, һ᡿Ѽ, ;/ ᡿Ѽ ߽,/ ѡѵ ѡ߬ ӿ ߿./ ١, ߽ Ѯ ӫ ԫ,/ ӫ ᡡ,/ ߻Կߴ ޿.