ٻ߬ ӡὫ ᡿ ѡ 濡 4 ѽ 2019 ѽ Ѯ ӿ ߬߬ Ѵ ߿ ӿ
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ừ ѫѡ ѻ߬ ӫ ᡬԿ, ѽ 濡 ߿ ᡫᵿ , ԡ߿ѽ һ ѫѡ ԫ߬ ӿ߬ ի 󬽯ѡ ѡ ӫԫѴ ǡѴ 翼 ѡ ߻񡿬 Ӭ ߬.

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տѮ߬ Ѯٮ 2000 ѽ: " ߽߫ӡ Ѽ ѡ 󬽯ѡ ߫ Ҫ ӫ߽ѡ ѡ ߻񡿬 ɫ߿߬ ߫ ߽ѡ Ѯ ӿ ѡ 濡, ߡ᡿ ӿѽ ߽᡿, ӫѡ 濡 ߿Ѯ ᡫᵿ " (ҡ 14 Ѵ ӡ ӫ߽ѡ ѡ ߻񡿬 ɫ߿߬).

ӫԫѮ ǡѮ 濼ѫ 翼 ӫߴ 14 1872 Ѽ ᮬ߬ . ū߽ ᡿ ѡ߬ ի󡫮 Ѽӿ ٽ Ҭѡ ѡԴ 1894 ᬫ ѡ ߽Ҫѡ ߫ ӫ ѡ߬, ᬪ ٽ ạѡ տԫӫ ᬫѽѼ Ӭ-ӿի߬ ެ ӿ ߫. ѡѼ ԡ߿ߴ ӫ ӫѡ ӿիἿ.

󴺿 ẫ᡿Ѽ ԫ߬ ѻտ ٽ 1900 ѡ ԫ ԫѽ ɫ ԫ ӫ ѽ ӡ. , ѡ߬, ѵ ǡѮ 翼 ӿߴ Կ ӫ ӫѡ. ҽӡ ӫ ѡ ѻտ ӡ. ԫѽ Ҭ ѽ ٽ ӫѡ ᪡ ѡ ᡿ լߡ ᪡ ӻ ᡿ 񡫬ߡ ߬ ެ.

1901 ạѡ ټ ӡ߬ 󫽫Կ. ߴ ߽Ҫѡ ӬѮ ѽ . ᡿ ӿ ߬ ٽ Ԭ ѺԿ. ѵ ǡѮ ѽ ޫ 󡿼᡿ ߻᡿ ẫ᡿ Ѯ, ѡ Ѯ ߡ ߽ ӫѡ, ߫ѡ 񿵿 ߫ѡ ߽Ҫѡ, ٽ Կټ ԡ ѻտ Ѻ. 1913 ի Ѯ 濡 ٽ ѡ Ѽ ѡ ԫ ǡ (III ѻѡ). ԫ ѡ ӫԫѴ.

1916 ӫԫѮ ǡѮ 翼 ٽ ѡ Ѽ ѡ ԫ ǡ (II ѻѡ) " ߫ , ѡ ԫѽ ѡ Ѽѡ".

1918-1922 . ӿ Ѯ὿ Կ߬ Ӵ 󿬫, ԫ 1919 ѽѮ ӡ, ߫ ԫѽ Ὣ. ӫӪ Ե ǡѴ ѡ ӿӡ ߴ, ߽ ҡѡ ߬ѡ ԻԿ 񫼫 ԫ . Ѻ ߬ ߴ, ҡ 񡿬 ѡ ߻, 18 Ӵ 1920 , ѡ߽Ҫѽ ὿ Ҫѡ , ԫ ὿ ԫ Դ ѡ Ѽ, ߽ ѽ ѡ, Ѯ ѡ, Ἣ ὿ , , , 󿽿 Ե ǡѴ Ѯ Դ.

ѵ ǡѮ, ѽ ӫѡ, ѡ ᡡ 諡, Ѻ ѽ ѽ ߫, ԫӫ Ѽ ٽ ߬ . Ļ ѡ , Ե ᡡ ѡѼ ߬ ߽ ߼Կ.

ѽ ѡ - ԫѽ Ե ǡѴ ѡ Ѽ: ѡ , ڿ 䫼, Ѯ - Ӭ󡫼 Ѯ Ӵ Ἣ ӡ. ƫ ԫ ѡ ѡ, ӿի ᡫ󿽿 Ӵ Ӭ, ԫѽѼ, Ѽӿٮ , ԫӫ ӿѺ Ὣ.

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1. 鬽 ӫԫѴ ǡѴ 翼 ѡ ߻񡿬 Ӭ ߬.

2. ἴ ѡѡ ǡѴ 翼 ߫ 5/18 Ӵ ѡ ѡ߬ .

3. ԡ ᡬ ѡѡ ǡѴ 翼, ߽ ѡ, ټ Ἷ ԫ񫽪 ᡿.

4. ſ ӫ߽ѡ ԫ ѡ, ߫ߡ ѽѡ VII ѽѡ߬ .

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ừ ѫѡ ѻ߬ ӫ ᡬԿ, ѽ 濡 ߿ ᡫᵿ , ԡ߿ѽ һ ѫѡ ӫ ӿ߬ ߬ ߿ ի 󬽯ѡ ѡ ѡ ӿӿ 쿬߬ ѡ ߻񡿬 Ӭ ߬.

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տѮ߬ Ѯٮ 2000 ѽ: " ߽߫ӡ Ѽ ѡ 󬽯ѡ ߫ Ҫ ӫ߽ѡ ѡ ߻񡿬 ɫ߿߬ ߫ ߽ѡ Ѯ ӿ ѡ 濡, ߡ᡿ ӿѽ ߽᡿, ӫѡ 濡 ߿Ѯ ᡫᵿ " (ҡ 14 Ѵ ӡ ӫ߽ѡ ѡ ߻񡿬 ɫ߿߬).

ѡ ӿӿ 쿬 쿬߬ ӫߴ 13 Ӵ 1854 ᡿ ٪ѡ߬ Կ ѽ ߬ 䫡߬ Ѽ ѡ. ū ᡿ Ӭ߬ ի 1871 һ ѡү ߽Ҫ, ԫү ޿ ӡ߬ ѬӴ ߬ ӡ.

1883 ٽ Ҭѡ ᬫ ѡ, ߽ ߽Ҫ ạ ѽѡ ҡ ߬ ѻտ, ӿ ӿ ԫ Կ Կ ѴѽԿ ߬ ѽѡ ߿߬ .

1892 ߽Ҫ ӫ߬ ѻտ, ӿ Ѽ ӿի ᡿ ߻ԡү ӫү . ҽӡ 쿬߬ ߬ ߿߬ , ѡ .

1915 Ѯ ߼Կ ٽ ӿ ӡ߬ ӿ-὿߬ ѡ߬ ١ ߬ ӡ. Ѯүү ӿ ެ ѡ߬ ѽѡ ߬ ߻ѽ ӿ, Ѽѡ ߿ ѽ ߻ᡡἿ. Կߴ ѡ ѡ 󫿡, ի޿ߴ ߬ ߻.

ѵ ӿӿ ӿ Ѽ ߴ Ѯ ԡٮ ԫٮ , Խٮ Ἣѽ. Ѻһү ߽Ҫ Կү ӫԿѽ߬ү Ѵѽ ѫ񡫬ԡ ߴ ѻտټ . 忺 Ե ӿӿ ٽ ừѡ Ѵѽ , ԫ ӿԿ߬ ӫѡ Ѯ ӫ߽.

ԫ 1918 ٽ ѡ 󫽯Ἷ, Ѽԡ ᡫѡ ߫߬ . 󿬿 ԫ ὿ ѽѡѼ ӫ񿽿 ҽӡ ߻ իѡ. 27 ѽ Ӵҽ ߬ Ӵ. ū߽ ѡ ѡ 髺ѡ߬ ߫ Ӵ ߫ ԫ὿ Ե ӿӿ c Ҽѡ ѽ Ӭү . ѡ߽Ҫѽ ٽ ԫ , ߴ ѡ ԡټ ѡѼ, ѽ ѡ ᡫ߿ Ҭ Ѽ ߫ ߽Ἷ " ӿڿ" ѽ Ѽ ӫ.

ἴ ѡ ӿӿ 쿬߬ ߫ѡ ߴ ᡫѡ ӿ-὿߬ , ҽӡ ߫ߴ ᡿տ Ѽ.

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1. 鬽 ѡ ӿӿ 쿬߬ ѡ ߻񡿬 Ӭ ߬.

2. ἴ ѡѡ ӿӿ 쿬߬ ߫ 27 / 10 ѡ ѡ߬ .

3. ԡ ᡬ ѡѡ ӿӿ 쿬߬, ߽ ѡ, ټ Ἷ ԫ񫽪 ᡿.

4. ſ ӫ߽ѡ ԫ ѡ, ߫ߡ ѽѡ VII ѽѡ߬ .

󬽯ѡ Ӵ ѡ ѡ ߻񡿬 Ӭ ߬.

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տѮ߬ Ѯٮ 2000 ѽ: " ߽߫ӡ Ѽ ѡ 󬽯ѡ ߫ Ҫ ӫ߽ѡ ѡ ߻񡿬 ɫ߿߬ ߫ ߽ѡ Ѯ ӿ ѡ 濡, ߡ᡿ ӿѽ ߽᡿, ӫѡ 濡 ߿Ѯ ᡫᵿ " (ҡ 14 Ѵ ӡ ӫ߽ѡ ѡ ߻񡿬 ɫ߿߬).

Ѽ, ᬫ޿ ӿἿ, ѡټ 濡 ߿Ѯ ᡫᵿ , ѡٮ 濡 ѽ ѫիټ ١Կ ӫ 󬽯ѡ ѡ ѡ ޡ (ӡ 28.12.2017) ѡ 쿬 ӿ (ӡ 28.12.2018) ߼ѡ տѮ߬ .

񫻫ѽү Ӽᵿ, һү 濡 ߿ ᡫᵿ ԫѼ ᡿, ѡٮ 濡 󫺼ټ ӡߴ ߼ѡ ᡡ ӫ.

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ѡ ѽ ǽѬӫ ޡ ӫߴ 16 ѬӴ 1880 Ѽ ѡ ߫-ѫѡ߬ ѡ߬ Ӭ ԯѡ߬ Ѻ ӫ߬ ӡ.

1905 ӫ߬ү իү Ѽӿ. ߴ ѽѼ Ӭ-ӿի߬ ެ. 1913 ٽ Ҭѡ ᬫ ѡ ạѡ ߽Ҫѡ ѽ߬ү Ӭ ԯѡ߬ Ѻ, ٽ ӿ ߽үڿ - Ѯ .

ӫ 󫮡 󫽯 ѡ߽Ҫѽ Կߴ ԫ ի-ѡ ӫ Ѯ , ߻ѡ ߫ ӫѼ. ԫ ѽ ٽ ߫ ӿի߬ ѡ ѽ߬ , ߻ѽ ӫҬ ᡿ Ѫ ѽ ӿի.

1917 Ѭԫ ӿի ỿ὿ 񫡫 ԯѡ߬ Ѻٮ ӿ. ٽ ۴ѡ ѡ ӫ ѻ󿡫ѡ ѽ, ᬫ ԫ ߽᡿ ѵ ѽ ٽ .

22 ὴ 1918 ٽ ѫᡡ ԫ Ҽ ѽἿ ԯ߬ ߻ѽ , ѡ ߫Կ Ҫ "ѽѮ", իԴ ӿ ߬ ٽ Ҫѡ. 23 ὴ ( ӫ Կ) Ե ѽ ѽ ѽ߬ ѽ.

ѽ ӫ ӫ߬ ӫ߬ ѡ (񡿵), ѽҴ ᡿ ӫ߿߬ Ӭ 9 ѽ 1918 . 20 ѡԴӴ 1918 ߽Ѽ ᡿ Ѭ .. ѿ (ڿ ԫ ѻѡ ) Ѽ 񫬽 " ѡ Ӭ ѡ" ߽ ѡ߽ҪѽѮ, "޿ Ӭ" һҽ ѡ ޡ.

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ѡ 쿬 ѽ߿ ӿ ӫߴ 4 1878 ѽ ѡ߬ ӫ 쿬߬ Ѻ 髽߬ ӡ Ѽ ѡ. 1892 һ 쿬߬ ի , ԫӫ ߽ߴ 1895 Ѻ.

1897 , Ӫ ݬѡ ᡿ ѽ Ӭ-ӿի߬ ެ, һ ѽѼ ի߬ү ߬ү Ӭ-ӿի߬ү ެ 쿬߬ Ѻ 髽߬ ӡ. 1900 ٽ ѽѡ ߻ڿ 񫽪 Ὣڿ 쿬߬ Ӭ ѽ ߬-쿬߬ ԫ Ѻ. Ѽѡ Ὣڿ 쿬 ӿ ߫ԫ 񫽪Կ ѽ Ӵ ެ. 1913 ٽ ѡ Կ, 1916 Ҭѡ ᬫ ԫ 쿬߬ Ӭ.

25 ѽ 1926 , ѡ Ӭ, ٽ Ҭѡ ѡ ạѡ ߽Ҫ 񿼿߬ү Ӭ ѽ ſ.

1931 Ҫѡ ӫ߬ ѡ һ 񫿼, ի ӿ Ѫ 27 ὴ 1932 ٽ ѺҼ 쿪. ޿ ԯ, ѵ 쿬 ߽Ҫ ӿ߬ Ӭ ѽ Ѻ ߬ ᮫. 1932 ߡ ٽ ԫ "Կ߫߬ү Ѵѽ" ӿѡ Կ ѡ . 1933 ٽ ѡ ӫ, ߽ ӡҽߴ ѽ ſ.

ѡԴ 1935 Կ Ӫѡ߬ ѽ߫ ӿ ѡ Կ 񿼿߬ Ӭ ѽ ſ, ߡ᡿ ѡ ޿ ѽѮ, ڿ ӿԫӿ ӿի. ٽ ٻ ӡ. ū ߽ѡ Ե 쿬 ӿի Կ ߬ ի ԬԿ . Ѭ 1935 ӫ߬ ӫӫ ٽ ѡ ᡿ ӫ߿߬ ѡ ߻ѽ Կ ٮ ӫ. ԫӫ ѽ߫ ٽ ߬ ԫ ạټ Ἷ, ٮ үڿ Ὣ ԫ .

16 ὴ 1937 ѵ 쿬 Ѫ ٽ ԫ. Ե 쿬 󿡿 ԫ, ԫ "󽴴 ᡿ԫӫ 󫽯 һ Ѯ, ԫڿ Ӭ, ӫ Կ߫߬ү ᵿ, ӿ ѡڿ 񿡿ߴ Ӭ Կ ߫߬ , ߻ӫᡴ ߽տ ѡ ߫߬ Կ ߻ һἿ, Կӫ ѻ Կ ߫߬ Կ, Ѯ , ۴ߡ ӫԫ".

ӿ ߬ ѵ 쿬 ӫ Ҫ ߬: Ҫ - ѽ ѽ, 󫯯. ߽ ѡ ӿ Ѯ , ӫ ߽ѽ "󫽯 ѴѽԿ" Կ: "ū߬ ߽Ҫ Ӭ, Ѽߴ Ӫ ѽѡ, Ӭ, ԫ ὿, Կ߫߬ ᵿѮ һ". ġ ᬿ ѡ, 󿡴, ԫ ߽ ѽѮ ߽ ӿ.

ѡ 쿬 ٽ ѽ 19 1937 .

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1. 鬽 ѡ ѡ ޡ ѡ 쿬 ӿ ѡ ߻񡿬 Ӭ ߬.

2. ἴ ӫ߽ѡ ߫ ѡ߬ :
ѡѡ ޡ - 23 ὴ / 8 ;
ѡѡ 쿬 ӿ - 6/19 .

3. ԡ ᡬ ѡѡ ޡ 쿬 ӿ, ߽ ѡ, ټ Ἷ ԫ񫽪 ᡿.

4. ſ ӫ߽ѡټ ټ ѡ, ߫ߡ ѽѡ VII ѽѡ߬ .

ٽ ӿ: