տѻ߬ ߿ ߬ - ԫѽ ѡ ſ᡿

տѻ. ߿ ߬
2011. ߻ 150 ߫ ӫѡ տѻ߬ ߿ ߬, ӿ ߬ ѻտ (ӫߴ 19 ԴӴ/31 ԴӴ 1861.). ߡټ ݬԿ߬ Ἷ տѻ. ߿ 󽴯ߴ ԫ᡿ ѽ Ѵ ( 8 ) ū߽᡿ ߴ. ߫ѡ "ū߽᡿ . ߴ. -ݬԿ߬ ߽᡿" ԫ ѻѡ . ߽. 1904.

ѡӿ "ѽ Ѵ": ", ԫӫ իߴ ӿԫ ƿӿ߬, Ӭ, Ѽ Ѽ Ѭ 󫽡Ἷ ߴ ӫ ߬ѡ ߽᡿; ߻ ٻ ߿ ӻѡ; ӿ Ѽ, ġ , ߼ӿ ӯ ߻ 󫿼 ..." Ѽ 23 ѽ: "߫߬ ߿ ߫ѡ Ἣ߫᡿ ѽѬ; ߽񡿮 ߴ ᡫ Ӵ Ѽ Ѽ, իߴ Ѽ߬ . ѽ Կ ߡԫ ߫᡿ Ѯ Կ, , ѪѮ , ߿ѽ ߻޿ : . ѫ, - Ѽ. 꼴 ѡ ""... ߿ ߫ Ѫѡ ӿԫ, ԫټ ѻ, Ѽ , ԫ ӫߴ ..." ߵѽѡ ӫԫ ٬ : " ѡ ٽ ѡټ (ӿߡѡѼ), ߵѽ ߿ ӿ ߴ Ѯ޿ ѽ. ߿ ٽ ӿ, ߬, ի; ߴ ԫ үڿ. ġ ի ԫ, , ߫ , ߴ ӿ ѿѡ. ġ "޽" ԫ ߼߽, ԫ Ҫ Ѯ..."

" ի Ѽ . ѿἿ ӫߴ ừԿ߬ տѻ. ߿. , ., ߼Ӵ Ҭ᡿ 1 5.9, տѻ. ߿ ӿ 󫺼 ԫ, ԫ Ѭ- ߽᡿ . ߫᡿ߴ, ԫ ߡ᡿, ԫ ԫ Ὣ ӿ, ԫ "Ѭԫ ᡿ ǻԫ ὿ ߻Ѻټ Ӭ, ԫ ߽񡴴 ԡ߽ Ѫ". ӿӪ ᡡѮ Կӫ Ѵ ừԫ ԫӿ߬ү . ԫӡ Ѯ ừԫ (Ѵ 2 ߽.), տѻ. ߿ 󫺼 ߻᡿ ԫӫ, ѽԫ Ҭ, ѡ ԫ. տѻ. ߿ ڿ Ѻ ѡԿԿ ū߽᡿ Ѵ, ӿ ԫ ѡ ӫ ԫ ߡ ὿ ٬ ߫ѡѮ ԫ ߽᡿, Խ . ߽᡿ . ߻ѵ߬ ߽ ԫ Ѭ. ߽Ҵ ѽ Ѵ, ԫ, ԫ ӿ 13- . ӫѡ ѡ ѽ Կӫ, 񿡴 ԡߴڿߴ ạ Ѽѡ ӿ ѼԿ߬ (., 5-7; 8-9; 13)."

ӫ ԫ᡿ ү տѻ. ߿, ӿ, "ѡ ѡ ߽᡿ ߬ ӫԫ ѻ߬ XII-XIV .", " Ѯ޿ ѡ, ӫԿ ѡ ӫ߽ Ѽ" (1885-1887 .), "ԫ ᡡ ԫ " (1908.).

տѻ߬ ߿ (߬) ߬ߴ 25 ὴ (10 ..) 1933 . ߡ Ѭԫټ ѡ, ߽ Ѻҽ ߿ ԫѡ, ߴ Ѻҽԫ . ٬ ߿ ٽ ѡ 쿬߬ Ҫ߬ Ӵ . ߫᡿, ҡԫѡ ӫἿ ѽ.

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